Canada is the world's largest producer and exporter of flax with annual exports valued at CAN$150-180 million (M). As a result, market conditions in Canada have a significant impact on global flax prices.
Virtually all of the flax grown in Western Canada is destined for the export market. Saskatchewan, on average, produces four times as much as Manitoba, and has been the largest producing province since 1993-1994. In Canada, only a relatively small amount of flaxseed is crushed for oil. Flax is ground for the inclusion in baked goods and is fed to livestock, especially poultry. Food use is expected to expand as nutritional awareness increases. Canada also exports flaxseed oil, flaxseed meal, and flax fiber.